Sports medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness and the treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise. Although most sports teams have employed team physicians for many years, it is only since the late 20th century that sports medicine has emerged as a distinct field of health care.
Sports Medicine bridges the gap between science and practice in the promotion of exercise and health, and in the scientific assessment, study and understanding of sports performance. Regular features include: sports injury prevention and treatment; exercise for health; drugs in sport and recommendations for training and nutrition.
Designed as a superb reference source for physicians, sports medicine specialists, physiotherapists, exercise physiologists, team doctors and trainers alike, Sports Medicine focuses on definitive and comprehensive review articles that interpret and evaluate the current literature to provide the rationale for, and application of, research findings.
Sports medicine focuses on helping people improve their athletic performance, recover from injury and prevent future injuries. It is a fast-growing health care field, because health workers who specialize in sports medicine help many “regular” people as well as athletes.
You don’t have to be a professional athlete to seek help from a sports medicine professional. Sports medicine professionals treat people who participate in sports just for fun or want to get better results from their exercise program, patients who suffered injuries and want to regain full function and people who have disabilities and want to increase their mobility and capabilities.
The field of sports medicine encompasses many different health careers, including:
• Athletic trainer
• Doctor of osteopathy
• Exercise physiologist
• Medical doctor
• Physical therapy
Common sports injuries
- Concussion- caused by severe head where the brain moves violently within the skull so that brain cells all fire at once, much like a seizure
- Muscle Cramps- a sudden tight, intense pain caused by a muscle locked in spasm. Muscle cramps are also recognized as an involuntary and forcibly contracted muscle that does not relax
- ACL Sprains- The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a ligament involved in knee stabilization. An ACL rupture can occur when the foot is planted and the knee twists to change direction.
- ACL Tears- The anterior cruciate ligament; one of four major knee ligament necessary for comfortable knee movement, tears, causing major pain and causes the knee to “give out”. The knee ACL can tear for a number of reasons causing the knee to never be the same.
- Ankle Sprain- The ligaments that hold the ankle bones in place can easily be overstretched.
- Shin Splints- The tissue that attaches the muscles of your lower leg to the shin bone may be pulling away from the bone, or it may be inflamed from overuse.
- Muscle Strains- tears in muscle that cause pain and loss of function